monarch butterfly, monarch butterflies, big sur california
monarch butterfly, monarch butterflies, big sur california
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Monarch Butterflies

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In all the world, no butterflies migrate like the Monarchs of North America. They travel much farther than all other tropical butterflies, up to three thousand miles. They are the only butterflies to make such a long, two way migration every year. Amazingly, they fly in masses to the same winter roosts, often to the exact same trees. Their migration is more the type we expect from birds or whales. However, unlike birds and whales, individuals only make the round-trip once. It is their children's grandchildren that return south the following fall.
Monarch Butterflies roost at Andrew Molera State Park Big Sur
Monarch butterfly
When you can find Monarch butterflies in Big Sur
Monarch Butterflies return to Big Sur in October and migrate north in January. You can see them clustered in the trees early in the morning. During the day you'll see them flying around.

Where you can find Monarch butterflies in Big Sur

You will see butterflies all over Big Sur, however Andrew Molera State Park is one of the better places for observing them. This is where they roost in the Eucalyptus trees in Cooper Grove (the grove of Eucalyptus trees by the Cooper Cabin) along the Big Sur River. The park is open to day use and walk in camping.

Monarch Butterflies at Andrew Molera State Park, photo Stan RussellMore information about Monarch butterflies.

Like many other butterflies, monarchs go through four life stages: egg, larva (caterpillar), pupa (chrysalis), and adult (butterfly). Depending on temperature, the eggs hatch in about five to 10 days, forming larvae (defined), which promptly devour their used-up eggshell.

Monarch larvae feed exclusively on species in the milkweed family. When they outgrow their rigid exterior, called a "cuticle," then they molt, eat their skin, and continue growing in a larger cuticle.

After four molting cycles, they form a chrysalis, sometimes called a pupa (defined). The chrysalis hangs under a leaf for a couple of weeks, while the butterfly forms inside it. Finally, the developing butterfly positions its legs downward, splits the chrysalis, and pumps fluid into its wings to harden them.

This monarch butterfly weighs less than 1 gram, yet it migrated thousands of miles to find a suitable home for the winter.

In its summer territory, which includes most of North America, monarchs mate 3-7 times and live from two to six weeks. Then, apparently signalled by the shortening days, new, non-reproductive butterflies hatch. Talk about division of labor! the reproductive butterflies don't head south, and the migratory ones don't reproduce (until the following year). But they're both monarchs. If that's starting to sound pretty intriguing please visit Monarch Watch and Journey North for more detailed information about the mating and migration habits of Monarch butterflies.

Male Monarch Butterfly.Female Monarch Butterfly

In the meantime, here's quick visual reference. For the male Monarch (left) Notice the thin vein pigmentation and swollen pouches on the hindwings. For the female Monarch notice the thick vein pigmentation and no hindwing pouches.

Monarch Butterfly
Male or female? Click Here to see full size larger photo.

Monarch Migration patterns

Above graphic from the San Jose Mercury News article of January 3, 2007.

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monarch butterfly, monarch butterflies, big sur california

monarch butterfly, monarch butterflies, big sur california
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